TRANSFERSOME GEL FORMULATION OF AN ETHANOL EXTRACT OF APPLES (MALUS DOMESTICA MILL) CONTAINING ANTIOXIDANTS AND IN VITRO PENETRATION TESTING USING FRANZ DIFFUSION CELLS
Keywords:Apple extract gel, Transfersome, Formulation
Objective: This study aims to formulate and characterize a transfersome apple peel extract, formulate it into a gel, and compare it with a control gel
made without transfersome.
Methods: Both gels were evaluated, stability tested, and penetration tested using Franz diffusion cells on the skin of female Sprague-Dawley rats. The
transfersome preparations were formulated with different concentrations of the active substance, quercetin: 0.5% (F1); 0.7% (F2), and 1.0% (F3).
Results: Based on the characterization results, F1 was selected as the optimum gel formulation because it had spherical morphology, a Dmean volume of
106.44Â±2.70 nm, a polydispersity index of 0.078Â±0.01, a zeta potential of âˆ’49.96Â±2.05 mV, and a drug efficiency entrapment percentage of 78.78Â±0.46%.
The cumulative amount of quercetin that was penetrated with the transfersome gel was 1514.41Â±26.31 Î¼g/cm2, whereas the penetration with the
control gel extract was 1133.62Â±18.96 Î¼g/cm2. The cumulative percentages of the penetrated gel transfersome and gel extract were 78.40Â±1.89%
and 49.89Â±0.88%, respectively. The fluxes of transfersome gel and control gel extract were 52.33Â±0.11 Î¼g/cmÂ²/hrs and 40.89Â±0.68 Î¼g/cmÂ²/hrs,
Conclusions: Based on these results, it can be concluded that the gel with transfersome exhibited better penetration than the gel extract alone.
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