TOPICAL DELIVERY OF QUERCETIN LOADED TRANSFERSOMES FOR WOUND TREATMENT: IN VITRO AND IN VIVO EVALUATION
Keywords:Quercetin, Transfersomes, Wound treatment, Topical formulation
Objective: To design topical Quercetin (Qc)-loaded transfersomes (TFs) for wound treatment.
Methods: Qc-loaded TFs were prepared by thin-film hydration technique using 2241full factorial design and the optimum formula was selected. In vivo skin, deposition and cutaneous wound induction studies were performed for four groups of male wistar rats. At the end of the experiment, biochemical parameters were measured in the healed tissues (total proteins (TP), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), glutathione reductase (GSH), nitric oxide (NO), and malonaldehyde (MDA). Two in vivo histopathological experiments using male wistar rats were performed; the first study was done for the healed tissues of the above experiment and the second was to confirm the safety of formulations.
Results: Qc optimum TFs (F6) showed EE% of 91.1%, PS of 695.35 nm, PDI of 0.592, and ZP of-11.1 mV, and spherical shape. In vivo skin deposition study showed that drug percentage retained in the skin from Qc optimum TFs was significantly higher than that from Qc suspension and Qc liposomes (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the values of TP, TAC and MDA between the treated groups (p>0.05). GSH in TFs treated groups was significantly higher than the other groups (p<0.05) while NO in TFs treated groups was significantly lower than the other treated groups (p<0.05). Histopathological experiments showed that wounds treated by TFs healed better than those treated by both liposomes and Qc suspension.
Conclusion: Qc-loaded TFs can be used as successful drug-delivery system for wound healing.
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