Innovare Journal of Education <p>Innovare Journal of Education is dedicated to publishing good quality research work in the field of Education. IJE is a peer-reviewed open access journal and published bimonthly (Onwards April 2016). The scope of the journal is focused on the work on education in Art, Commerce, Science and Life science etc. Communications are published as an Original Article or as a Short Communication. Comprehensive reviews are also taken into consideration for publication. It publishes the article in two languages English &amp; Hindi.</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>Abstracting and Indexing</strong></span></p> <p>OAI, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CNKI (China Knowledege Resource Integrated Database)</a>, LOCKKS, Open J-Gate, Google Scholar, OCLC (World Digital Collection Gateway), IndexCopernicus*, UIUC</p> en-US (Editor) (Mr. Sharma) Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530 OJS 60 Review of Selected Studies on Aesthetic Sports and Creative Arts <p>There are different classifications of sports and disciplines. The division into individual and collective is considered fundamental. From the aspect of all divisions, they are mainly bipolar (like Men/Women Artistic Gymnastics) instead of the psychological typology of sports activities, where certain individual sports belong to the group of aesthetic-coordination ones. Rhythmic gymnastics (RG) is the most typical representative in this group, where complex movements predominate most acyclic type. Activities in RG occur in several disciplines with different apparatus (rope, hoop, ball, clubs, and ribbon), and only younger age categories have exercises without apparatus. In each domain, many elements are performed, which differ according to their structural groups, although exercises of a dynamic character prevail over static ones. Previously, the structure of sports achievement was determined based on the so-called Equation of success specification, which assessed the contribution of specific segments of the anthropological status of athletes in the prediction of sports results. However, when the result depends on the subjective assessment of the judge, the structure is proposed through the Code of Points (CoP). The decisive factors that prevail in line on the Rules of Assessment, which accurately considers the difficulty of the elements for free routines, musical accompaniment, and the appearance throe the artistic impression of the gymnast. In general, it is a sports activity in which a perfect symbiosis of music and movement is achieved, with a solid aesthetic impression when performing free routines. These characteristics are also present in other sports within this group, with similarities in the methodology of training, the elements of technical difficulties, and the way of assessing the athletes’ achievements. Where looking at specific segments of the anthropological status of rhythmic gymnasts, the determinants of sports achievement are pointed out, viewed, first of all, from the aspect of assessment rules (CoP), which has undergone significant changes in recent years to encourage the rapid development of RG and its inclusion in the Olympic sports family.</p> Ružena Popović, Tijana Purenović-Ivanović Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Fostering Creativity and Critical Thinking in 21st Century Classroom <p>This paper sought to examine the prospect of fostering creativity and critical thinking in 21<sup>st</sup> century classroom. In achieving this, 4 concepts and 1 theory were reviewed to seek how relevant creativity and critical thinking is to students in our modern 21stcentury world that we live in. This paper showed that creativity and critical thinking are essential ingredients that defines much credibility in individuals in the society. It was then concluded that creative and critical thinking are pivotal to students’ success in the 21<sup>st</sup> century society and otherwise. It was recommended that teachers should endeavor to engage students to initiate their creative and critical thinking ability at almost all endeavours of instructional activity, also that curriculum planners should endeavor to device an instructional pattern that favours the utilization of creative and critical thinking prospects.</p> Ezinne Chidinma Abe, Saturday Tete Birabil Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Increase Students Interest and Confidence in Continuing Study in Higher Education <p>The education process in higher education is something that needs to be considered by all groups. Continuing education to a higher level will provide opportunities for students to improve their knowledge and skills, especially in the demands of the 21st century. The purpose of this activity is to social life and the university environment in order to increase student’s interest and confidence in deciding to continue their education to a higher level. This activity is a form of community service carried out by Madrasah Aliyah Plus Nurul Islam Sekarbela with the Mataram State Islamic University. The activity consists of three stages, namely preparation, implementation, and closing. The target of this activity is all class XII students at Madrasah Aliyah Plus Nurul Islam Sekarbela, with a total of 58 students. Based on the activities that have been carried out, it is known that the interest of class XII students to continue their education to higher education has increased compared to previous years with a percentage of 36% or 21 of 58 students.</p> Dedi Riyan Rizaldi, Ziadatul Fatimah, Muhamad Zaenudin, Baiq Eka Umami Umami Copyright (c) 2022 Dedi Riyan Rizaldi, Ziadatul Fatimah Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Towards Enhancement of Students Achievement in Physics Using Concept Mapping Strategy and Guided Discovery Method <p>This study investigated the relative effectiveness of Concept Mapping Strategy (CMS) and Guided Discovery Method (GDM) in enhancing students achievement in Physics. Gender influence on students achievement was also examined. A total of one hundred and fifteen (115) secondary school Physics students were involved in the study; the research work was carried out in the Wukari Education Zone of Taraba State. This research work adapted a quasi-experimental research design involving pre-test and post-test. Three research questions and three hypotheses were raised. Physics Achievement Test (PAT) was used for data collection. The items of PAT were subjected to item analysis. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was obtained using Kuder-Richardson 20 formula is .8. Mean and standard deviation was used to answer the research questions, while Analysis of Covariance was used to test the hypotheses formulated at .05 significance level. From the analysis, it is revealed that a statistically significant difference exists in the mean academic achievement scores of students taught physics using CMS and those taught using GDM in favor of CMS. Gender differences are not statistically significant in the mean academic achievement scores for both CMS and GDM groups. It is evident from the findings of this study that the use of CMS could provide a good way for students to learn Physics. It is recommended, based on the findings of the study, that Physics teachers should be encouraged to use a CMS while teaching Physics concepts to actively involve the students in identifying relationships in concepts. Government should utilize the services of various professional bodies like the Science Teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN) in collaboration with the Nigeria Educational Research and Development Centre (NERDC) to organize seminars, workshops, conferences, in-service training and symposia to inform and train physics teachers on the use of innovative teaching method especially concept-mapping.</p> Emmanuel E. Achor, Samuel G. Bileya Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Predictors of Psychological Distress among Old Aged <p>Psychological distress is linked with the lack of social support and loneliness. The Elderly is suffering from many psychological issues and a lack of social support. Often, in old age homes, the lack of immediate friends and family leads them to many issues like loneliness, which affects their mental health. So it is essential to address this issue to provide care and support them. This study aimed to understand the contributing factors of psychological distress and influencing factors of psychological distress, loneliness, religiosity, and social support. The study was conducted on 159 older people (age range 60-90 years) of Thrissur and its neighboring places by employing a convenient sampling technique. The psychological distress scale was used to measure psychological distress The UCLA Loneliness Scale, Perceived Social Support Scale, and Religiosity Scale were used to measure loneliness, perceived social support, and religiosity, respectively. Personal details of the participants, such as age, sex, socio-economic status, marital status, etc., were collected using a personal data sheet. Results revealed that the loneliness and support from the family were highly contributing to predictors of psychological distress, and loneliness and support from friends contributed to depression. Males and females differ on psychological distress and its components, namely anxiety and depression. Moreover, males and females experienced similar religiosity and stress levels, and females experienced higher levels of loneliness than males. As a result of lower support from family, friends, and special person and overall perceived social support, there occurs a higher level of depression. Psychological distress will be high when there is lower social support from family, friends, and special people. Also, when there is greater psychological distress, there will be high loneliness. Older persons will have high religiosity when there is high loneliness. Stress and depression differ between people living in old age homes and Pakal Veedu. Reduction in loneliness occurs when there is a presence of a special person in their life.</p> Kavery B. J., Manikandan K. Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Using GeoGebra in Teaching Geometry to Enhance Students Academic Achievement and Motivation <p>The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of using GeoGebra with the ARCS (Attention, Relevance, Confidence, and Satisfaction) model on academic achievement and motivation. In this regard, an experimental and a control group were constituted. The academic motivation questionnaire (Harter, 1981) was used to measure participant’s motivation. Further, two instances of a multiple-choice questions test on a topic in Geometry were designed to measure student’s academic achievement. In order to collect data, the pre-tests were applied to each group at the beginning of the lessons. The experimental group was taught using GeoGebra and the control group was trained with the traditional teaching method. At the end of the lessons, the post-tests were administered to both groups. The statistical difference between participant’s post-test academic motivation and learning of the experimental and control group was analyzed with ANCOVA after examining the assumptions of this test, namely normality and homogeneity in each group. Results of the study indicated that the scores of academic achievement and motivation in the experimental group were significantly more than that of the control group.</p> Zahra Hosseini, Mohammad Mehdizadeh, Maryam Sadeghi Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0530