Int J Pharm Pharm Sci, Vol 6, Issue 10, ??-??Original Article



Department of Pharmaceutical analysis and Quality Assurance, Vijaya College of pharmacy, Munaganur (village), Hayathnagar (Mandal), Hyderabad 501511, India.

Received: 19 Jun 2014 Revised and Accepted: 01 Aug 2014


Objective: To develop an accurate, precise and linear Reverse Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method and validate as per ICH guidelines for the quantitative estimation of Acamprosate calcium (333 mg) in tablets.

Methods: The optimized method uses a reverse phase column, Enable Make C18G (250 X 4.6 mm; 5μ), a mobile phase of triethylammonium phosphate buffer (pH 3.0): acetonitrile in the proportion of 30:70 v/v, flow rate of 1.0 ml/min and a detection wavelength of 210 nm using a UV detector.

Results: The developed method resulted in Acamprosate calcium eluting at 2.36 min. Acamprosate calcium exhibited linearity in the range 75-225μg/ml. The precision is exemplified by relative standard deviation of 0.149%. Percentage Mean recovery was found to be in the range of 98‐102, during accuracy studies. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitiation (LOQ) was found to be 570 ng/ml and 1729 ng/ml respectively.

Conclusion: An accurate, precise and linear RP-HPLC method was developed and validated for the quantitative estimation of Acamprosate calcium 333 mg in tablets as per ICH guidelines and hence it can be used for routine analysis in various pharmaceutical industries.

Keywords: RP‐HPLC, Acamprosate calcium, Method development, Validation.


Acamprosate calcium (Figure 1, calcium 3-acetamidopropane-1-sulfonate) is the calcium salt of acetylhomotaurine used in the treatment of alcohol dependence. It is believed to act by blocking glutaminergic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors and activation of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type A receptors [1-3]. It is an antidipsotropic agent that was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2004 for use in alcoholic individuals to decrease alcohol hankering after alcohol detoxification [4]. Acamprosate has been commercially available since 1989, in 333 mg tablet strength [5]. Acamprosate calcium is a white, odorless or nearly odorless powder. It is freely soluble in water and practically insoluble in absolute ethanol and dichloromethane. Its chemical formula is C10H20N2O8S2Ca and molecular weight is 400.48.

Fig. 1: Structure of Acamprosate calcium

A detailed literature survey reveals capillary zone electrophoresis methods [6-7], bioanalytical methods for the analysis of Acamprosate calcium using LCMS [8-16], LC-fluorometric and electrochemical detection [8] in human plasma, dog plasma and urine. Recently, two RP-HPLC methods have been reported for the quantitative estimation of Acamprosate calcium in tablets [17-18]. We here report a totally new, precise, accurate and linear isocratic RP-HPLC method for the quantitative estimation of Acamprosate calcium in ACAMPROL tablets.


Chemicals and Reagents

Analytically pure sample of Acamprosate calcium with purities greater than 99% was obtained as gift sample from Chandra labs, Hyderabad, India and tablet formulation [ACAMPROL] was procured from MEDPLUS, Hyderabad, India with labelled amount 333mg of Acamprosate calcium. Acetonitrile (HPLC grade), water (HPLC grade), Triethylamine (AR Grade) and ortho phosphoric acid (AR Grade) were obtained from SD Fine chemicals (Hyderabad, India), 0.45μm Nylon membrane filters were obtained from Spincotech Private Limited, Hyderabad, India.


HPLC analysis was performed on Shimadzu Prominence Liquid Chromatograph comprising a LC-20AT pump, Shimadzu SPD-20A Prominence UV-VISIBLE detector and a reverse phase C18 column, Enable Make C18G (250 X 4.6 mm; 5μ). A manually operating Rheodyne injector with 20 μL sample loop was equipped with the HPLC system. The HPLC system was controlled with “Spinchrom” software. An electronic analytical weighing balance (0.1mg sensitivity, Shimadzu AY 220), digital pH meter (DELUX model 101), a sonicator (sonica, model 2200 MH) and UV-Visible Spectrophotometer (Shimadzu UV-1800 series, software-UV probe version 2.42) were used in this study.


Selection of Wavelength

Suitable wavelength for the HPLC analysis was determined by recording UV spectrum in the range of 200-400 nm for Acamprosate calcium. Suitable wavelength selected was 210 nm (Figure 2).

Chromatographic conditions

The developed method uses a reverse phase C18 column, Enable Make C18G (250 X4.6 mm; 5μ), mobile phase consisting of triethylammonium phosphate buffer (adjusted using 30% v/v of ortho phosphoricacid pH 3.0): acetonitrile in the proportion of 30:70 v/v. The mobile phase was set at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min and the volume injected was 20μl for every injection. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm.

Fig. 2: UV spectrum of Acamprosate calcium

Buffer Preparation

The buffer solution was prepared by adding 5 ml of triethylamine to 1000 ml of HPLC grade water and later pH was adjusted to 3.0 using 30% v/v of ortho phosphoric acid in water. The buffer was then filtered through 0.45 μm nylon membrane filter.

Mobile phase Preparation

The mobile phase was prepared by mixing acetonitrile and buffer in the ratio of 70:30 v/v and later it was sonicated for 10 minutes for the removal of air bubbles.

Preparation of working standard solution

15mg of acamprosate calcium was accurately weighed and taken in 100 ml clean and dry volumetric flask containing 50 ml of diluent (same as mobile phase) and then stirred for 10 minutes to dissolve. Later the solution was made up to the mark using the mobile phase. This is considered as working standard solution (150µg/ml), 100% target concentration.

Preparation of stock and working sample solution

Ten tablets were weighed separately and the average weight was determined. The average weight was weighed from the ten tablets grinded in a pestle and mortar, transferred to a 100 ml volumetric flask containing 100 ml diluent and then stirred for 40 minutes, followed by filtration through 0.45µ nylon membrane filter to get sample stock solution of 3.33mg/ml. 0.45 ml of the above stock solution was pipetted out and made up to 10 ml to get working sample solution equivalent to a concentration of working standard of 150µg/ml.


Method Development

A reverse phase HPLC method was developed keeping in mind the system suitability parameters i. e. tailing factor (T), number of theoretical plates (N), runtime and the cost effectiveness. The optimized method developed resulted in the elution of acamprosate calcium at 2.36 min. Figures 3 and 4 represent chromatograms of blank solution and the standard solution (150µg/ml) respectively.

The total run time is 4 minutes. System suitability tests are an integral part of method development and are used to ensure adequate performance of the chromatographic system. Retention time (Rt), number of theoretical plates (N) and peak Asymmetric factor was evaluated for six replicate injections of the standard at working concentration. The results are given in table 1.

Fig. 3: Typical Chromatogram of Blank solution

Fig. 4: Typical chromatogram of the standard solution

Table 1: System suitability studies results

Parameters* Acamprosate calcium
Retention time (min) 2.36
Number Of Theoretical plates (N) 5738
Asymmetric factor 1.563

* Mean of six injections

In order to test the applicability of the developed method to a commercial formulation, ‘ACAMPROL was chromatographed at working concentration (150µg/ml) and it is shown in Figure 5. The sample peak was identified by comparing the retention time with the standard drug Figure 4. System suitability parameters were within the acceptance limits, ideal for the chromatographed sample. Integration of separated peak area was done and drug concentration was determined by using the peak area concentration relationship obtained in the standardization step. The protocol affords reproducible assay of the drug in the sample ranging between 98 and 102%, which is the standard level in any pharmaceutical quality control.

Fig. 5: Typical chromatogram for the tablet formulation.

Method validation

Validation of the analytical method is the process that establishes by laboratory studies in which the performance characteristics of the method meet the requirements for the intended analytical application. RP-HPLC method developed was validated according to International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines [19] for validation of analytical procedures. The method was validated for the parameters like system suitability, specificity, linearity, accuracy, precision, ruggedness, limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitation (LOQ).


Figures 3-5 for blank, standard drug solution and sample chromatogram reveal that the peaks obtained in the standard solution and the sample solution at working concentrations are only because of the drugs as blank has no peak at the retention time of acamprosate calcium. Accordingly it can be concluded that, the method developed is said to be specific.


System precision

Six replicate injections of the standard solution at the working concentration showed % RSD (Relative Standard Deviation) less than 2 concerning peak area for the drug, which indicates the acceptable reproducibility and thereby the precision of the system. System precision results are tabulated in table 2.

Method precision

Method precision was determined by performing assay of the sample under the tests of repeatability (Intra day precision) at working concentration.

Repeatability (Intra day precision)

Six consecutive injections of the sample from the same homogeneous mixture at working concentration showed % RSD less than 2 concerning % assay for the drug which indicate that the method developed is method precise by the test of repeatability and hence can be understood that the method gives consistently reproducible results (Table 3).

Table 2: System precision results

Injection number

 Acamprosate calcium


Rt (min)

Peak Area






















Table 3: Intra day precision results

n Acamprosate calcium
% Assay
1 98.44
2 98.19
3 98.19
4 98.19
5 98.03
Average 98.20
S. D. 0.147
% R. S. D. 0.149


Standard solutions of acamprosate calcium at different concentrations level (50%, 75%, 100%, 125%, 150% and 175%) were prepared. Calibration curve was constructed by plotting the concentration level of drug versus the corresponding peak area. The results show an excellent correlation between peak area and concentration level of drug within the concentration range (16.65-58.27 µg/ml) for the drug and the results are given in table 4-5 and Figure 6. The correlation coefficient of acamprosate calcium is 0.998, which meet the method validation acceptance criteria and hence the method is said to be linear.

Table 4: Linearity of the chromatography system

Drug Linearity range (µg/ml) R2 Slope Intercept
Acamprosate calcium 75-225 0.998 7.70 35.65

Table 5: Calibration data for Acamprosate calcium

% Level Concentration (µg/ml) Peak Area 1 Peak Area 2 Peak Area 3 Average peak areas
50 75.00 606 605 606 605.66
75 112.5 897 895 898 896.66
100 150.0 1203 1198 1205 1202.00
125 187.5 1509 1508 1510 1509.00
150 225.0 1745 1743 1745 1744.33

Regression y=7.70x+36 y=7.70x+34.2 y=7.70x+36.8 y=7.7x+35.65



Coefficient 0.998 0.998 0.997 0.998


Accuracy was determined by means of recovery experiments, by the determination of % mean recovery of sample at three different levels (50-150%). At each level, three determinations were performed. Percent mean recovery was calculated as shown in table 6. The accepted limits of recovery are 98% - 102% and all observed data are within the required range which indicates good recovery values and hence the accuracy of the method developed.


The sensitivity of measurement of acamprosate calcium by use of the proposed method was estimated in terms of the limit of quantitation (LOQ) and the limit of detection (LOD). The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitiation (LOQ) was found to be 570ng/ml and 1729 ng/ml.

Fig. 6: Calibration curve for Acamprosate calcium

Table 6: Results of Accuracy studies for Acamprosate calcium

Concentration level (%) *%Mean Recovery
50 98.20
100 98.03
150 98.19

*Mean of three replicates


A reverse phase HPLC isocratic method developed has been validated as per ICH guidelines in terms of specificity, accuracy, precision, linearity, limit of detection and limit of quantitation, for the quantitative estimation of acamprosate calcium in tablets. The precision is exemplified by relative standard deviation of 0.149 %. A good linear relationship was observed for the drug between concentration ranges of 75 and 225µg/ml. The intraday precision results were good enough to say that the method developed is precise and reproducible. Accuracy studies revealed that mean recoveries were between 98 and 102%, an indicative of accurate method. Accordingly it can be concluded that the developed reverse phase isocratic HPLC method is accurate, precise and linear and therefore the method can be used for the routine analysis of acamprosate calcium in tablets.


Declared None.


The authors would like to thank the management of Vijaya college of pharmacy (VJYH), Hyderabad, for providing the necessary facilities to carry out of this research work. The authors are grateful to Chandra labs, Hyderabad for providing gift sample of all the three drugs.


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