CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL AND EXTRACT OF ALPINIA MALACCENSIS ROSCOE (ZINGIBERACEAE)

Authors

  • Suprava Sahoo Centre of Biotechnology, Siksha O Anusandhan University, Khandagiri, Bhubaneswar, 751003, Orissa, India.
  • Shikha Singh Centre of Biotechnology, Siksha O Anusandhan University, Khandagiri, Bhubaneswar, 751003, Orissa, India.
  • Sanghamitra Nayak Centre of Biotechnology, Siksha O Anusandhan University, Khandagiri, Bhubaneswar, 751003, Orissa, India.

Keywords:

Alpinia malaccensis, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Essential oil, Nil

Abstract

Objective: The present study was conducted to examine the chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of both the essential oil and methanolic extract of Alpinia malaccensis leaves.

Methods: The essential oils obtained from the leaves of Alpinia malaccensis were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry to determine chemical compositions. Antioxidant activity of both oil and extract were determined using DPPH and ABTS assay whereas the antimicrobial effects were tested by inhibition zone diameter and minimum inhibitory concentration. 

Results: The GC–MS analysis of the essential oil identified 10 components comprising 92.7% of the oil. The major constituents of the oil are α-phellandrene (43.9%), β-cymene (31.7%), β-pinene (4.6%). Total phenolic content of the leaf extract of A. malaccensis was found to be 76.25 mg GAE/g of the extract. Essential oil and methanolic extract displayed significant antioxidant activities with IC50 values of 18.26μg/ml and 22.5μg/ml in DPPH and 20μg/ml and 26.23μg/ml in ABTS respectively. Oil and extract showed very good activity against all four microbial strains.

Conclusion: The result showed that the essential oil has better activity than extract. Thus it could be served as potential source of natural antioxidant, natural antimicrobial as well as natural preservative ingredient in cosmetics, food and pharmaceutical industry.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Buchbauer G. The detailed analysis of essential oils leads to the understanding of their properties. Perfumer & Flavourist 2000;25:64-67.

Kress WJ, Ai-Zhong L, Mark N, Qing-Jun L. The molecular phylogeny of Alpinia (Zingiberaceae):a complex and polyphyletic genus of gingers. Am J Bot 2005;92:167-78.

Smith RM. Alpinia (Zingiberaceae):a proposed new infrageneric classification. Edinburgh J Bot 1990;47 (1):37.

Bhuiyan MNI, Chowdhury JU, Begum J, Nandi NC. Essential oils analysis of the rhizomes of Alpinia conchigera Griff. And leaves of Alpinia malaccensis (Burm.f.) Roscoe from Bangladesh. African J Plant Sci Biotech 2010;4(6):197-201.

Liu Q, Yao H. Antioxidant activities of barley seeds extracts. Food Chem 2007;102:732-37.

Sokmen A, Vardar-Unlu G, Polissiou M, Daferera D, Sokmen M, Donmez E. Antimicrobial activity of essential oil and methanol extracts of Achillea sintenisii Hub. Mor. (Asteraceae). Phytother Res 2003;17(9):1005-10.

Soliman KM, Badeaa RI. Effect of oil extracted from some medicinal plants on different mycotoxigenic fungi. Food Chem Toxicol 2002;40:1669-75.

Majhenic L, Skerget M, Knez Z. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of guarana seed extracts. Food Chem 2007; 104(3):1258-68.

Habsah M, Amran M, Mackeen MM, Lajis NH, Kikuzaki H, Nakatani N, Rahman AA, Ghafar, Ali AM. Screening of zingiberaceae extracts for antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. J Ethnopharmacol 2000;72(3):403-10.

Guenther E. In:E.Robert [Ed.] The Essential Oils, vol. I, Krieger Publ. Co, New York, Huntington, 1972;361-91.

Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamueala-Raventos RM. Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and the oxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Methods Enzymol 1999;299:152-78.

Stanly C, Bhatt A, Ali HMD, Keng CL, Lim BP. Evaluation of free radical scavenging activity and total phenolic content in the petiole-derived callus cultures of Zingiber zerumbet Smith. J Med Plant Res 2011;5 (11):2210-17.

Jordan MJ, Margaria CA, Shaw PE, Goodner KL. Aroma active components in aqueous Kiwi fruit essence and Kiwi fruit puree by GC-MS and multidimensional GC/GC-O. J Agric Food Chem 2002;50:5386-90.

Adams RP. Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography /mass spectrometry,4th ed. Allured Publishing Corporation, Carol Stream, IL. 2007.

Blois MS. Antioxidant determinations by the use of a stable free radical, Nature. 1958;181:1199-1200.

Re R, Pellegrini N, Proteggente A, Pannala A, Yang M, Rice-Evans C. Antioxidant activity applying an improved ABTS radical cation decolorization assay. Free Radical Bio Med 1999;26:1231-37.

Pattnaik S, Subramanyam VR, Rath CC. Effect of essential oils on the viability and morphology of E. coli [SP-11]. Microbios 1995;84:195-99.

Pattnaik S, Subramanyam VR, Bapuji M, Kole CR. Antibacterial activity of aromatic constituents of essential oils. Microbios 1997;89:39-47.

NorAzah MA, Sam YY, Mailina J, Chua LSL. [E]-methyl cinnamate, the major component of essential oils of Alpinia malaccensis var. nobilis. J Trop For Sci 2005;17 (4):631-33.

Sreejayan M, Rao MNA. Free radical scavenging activity of curcuminoids. Arzneim-Forsch Drug Res 1996;6:169-71.

Sahoo S, Ghosh G, Nayak S. Evaluation of in vitro antioxidant activity of leaf extract of Alpinia malaccensis. J Med Plant Res 2012;6 (23):4032-38.

Kikuzaki H, Nakatani N. Antioxidant effects of some ginger constituents. J Food Sci 1993;58 (6):1407-10.

Masuda T, Jitoe A. Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory compounds from tropical gingers:isolation, structure determination and activities of cassumarins A, B and C, new complex curcuminoids from Zingiber Cassumunar. J Agric Food Chem 1994;42:1850-56.

Chan EWC, Lim YY, Wong LF, Lianto FS, Wong SK, Lim KK, Joe CE, Lim TY. Antioxidant and tyrosinase inhibition properties of leaves and rhizomes of ginger species. Food Chem 2008;109:477-83.

Koleva II, Beek TAV, Linssen JPH, Groot A, Evstatieva LN. Screening of plant extracts for antioxidant activity:a comparative study on three testing methods. Phytochem Analysis 2002;13:8-17.

Bondet V, Brand-Williams W, Berset C. Kinetics and mechanisms of antioxidant activity using the DPPH free radical method. Lwt-Food Sci Technol 1997;30:609–15.

Gupta R, Rath CC, Dash SK, Mishra RK. In vitro antibacterial potential assessment of carrot (Daucus carota) and celery (Apium graveolens) seed essential oils against twenty one bacteria. J Essent Oil Bear Pl 2004;7:79-86.

Rath CC, Mishra S, Dash SK, Mishra RK. Antistaphylococcal activity of lime and juniper essential oils against MRSA. Indian Drugs 2005;42:797-801.

Ultee A, Slump RA, Steging G, Smid EJ. Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol towards Bacillus cerus on rice. J Food Prot 2000;63:620-24.

Senhaji O, Mohmad F, Ichraq K. Inactivation of Escherichia coli 0157:H7 by essential oil from Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Braz J Infect Dis 2007;11:234-36.

Published

01-07-2014

How to Cite

Sahoo, S., S. Singh, and S. Nayak. “CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL AND EXTRACT OF ALPINIA MALACCENSIS ROSCOE (ZINGIBERACEAE)”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 6, no. 7, July 2014, pp. 183-8, https://www.innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/1716.

Issue

Section

Original Article(s)

Most read articles by the same author(s)