APPROACHES TO ACHIEVE AN ORAL CONTROLLED RELEASE DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM USING POLYMERS: A RECENT REVIEW

Authors

  • Mosab Arafat College of Pharmacy, Al Ain University of Science and Technology (P. O. Box: 64141 Al Ain, Abu Dhabi UAE)

Keywords:

Controlled release drug delivery system, Matrix system, Polymer, Gelucire

Abstract

The present article contains a brief review of various formulation approaches used in controlled release drug delivery systems, the role of polymers in the controlled delivery of many fast release drugs and the mechanism of drug release from these polymeric matrices. The oral controlled release system of many drugs has been known to be an essential part of formulation development in drug delivery systems. It has been the focus of pharmaceutical research for many years due to its various advantages over conventional dosage forms. Administering the drug for release in the blood at a controlled rate, to maintain relatively constant drug levels in plasma over a controlled period of time, can overcome many problems associated with conventional dosage forms. The applicability of these dosage forms is due to reduction in the frequencies of drug dosing, which lead to patient convenience and compliance. In addition, a reduction of wide fluctuations in plasma drug concentration peak can be obtained. As a result, toxicity and poor efficacy can be avoided, especially with drugs of narrow therapeutic indices. Such problems, associated with conventional dosage forms of many drugs, can be overcome by using controlled release drug delivery systems, to deliver the drug for absorption at a controlled rate over an extended period of time. The controlled release dosage form should be tailored so that variations in the components can lead to predictable alterations in the drug release profiles. Various controlled release drug delivery systems have different mechanisms to control the drug release rate, such as the osmotic pump, ion exchange resin and matrix systems which have been widely utilized as controlled release drug delivery approaches. Besides, polymers have often been used in the components of controlled release drug delivery systems. A sustained release profile, without occurring of the dose dumping, and sufficient bioavailability can be achieved when a drug is embedded in some polymeric materials such as gelucires.

 

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Author Biography

Mosab Arafat, College of Pharmacy, Al Ain University of Science and Technology (P. O. Box: 64141 Al Ain, Abu Dhabi UAE)

Assistant Professor (Dr) Mosab Arafat

Department of Pharmaceutics ,

College of Pharmacy,

Al Ain University of Science and Technology

UAE

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Published

01-07-2015

How to Cite

Arafat, M. “APPROACHES TO ACHIEVE AN ORAL CONTROLLED RELEASE DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM USING POLYMERS: A RECENT REVIEW”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 7, no. 7, July 2015, pp. 16-21, https://www.innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/4568.

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Section

Review Article(s)