APPLICATION OF AIR POLLUTION TOLERANCE INDEX IN ASSESSING THE AIR QUALITY
Keywords:Air pollution tolerance index, Industrial sector, Traffic roads, Air pollution
Objective: The rapid growth of urban population both natural and through migration, has put heavy pressure on air quality of an urban area through increase in industrial sectors. The increase in vehicular movement and industrial activities results in significant increase in air pollution. Air quality has been worsened in the major metropolitan cities of India and there are various studies evolving to control and mitigate this problem. One of the studies among several, is on the use of plant as both monitoring and assessment tool. Evaluating the application of Air pollution tolerance index is to assess the ambient air quality and for development of green belt.
Methods: A literature search has been done on Scopus scientific database to review the existing knowledge. A variety of search keywords are used related to air pollution tolerance index study. There are total of 63 studies has been published related to Air pollution tolerance index and they were classified based on study area and other parameter.
Results: The review has found several pathways to link the air pollution and plant. There are scientific evidence that plants can bio accumulate the air pollutant. The recommendation and suggestions have been provided to carry out further research works based on the limitation found in existing knowledge.
Conclusion: These research findings provide an understanding or view about identification of tolerant species and sensitive species in any study area so that these species can be used for a green belt development to prevent the air pollution problems.
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