PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON ACALYPHA INDICA: PROXIMATE ANALYSIS AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING

Authors

  • Nurul Nadia Mohd Nazri
  • Norazlanshah Hazali Department of Nutrition Sciences, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan , Pahang, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Ibrahim
  • Mashita Masri
  • Mohd Khan Ayob

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the proximate composition and phytochemicals content of Acalypha indica.

Methods: The dried samples of root, leaves, stem and whole plant were analysed for protein, total fat, ash, moisture, water activity and crude fibre according to guideline by Association of Official Analytical Chemist. The phytochemicals content were based on standard method.

Results: The proximate analysis showed that the leaves contain the highest moisture (9.49%), ash (12.83%) and protein (23.98%). The root contains the highest carbohydrate (76.33%), crude fibre (42.05%) and gross energy (1453.94 kJ) content. The root also showed the lowest total fat (0.54+0.17%) and water activity (0.51+0.00 Aw). Besides that, the secondary metabolite such as alkaloid was identified in dried whole plant while tannin was detected in dried leaves and dried whole plant. The triterpenes, steroid and flavonoids were a presence in all samples analysed.

Conclusion: The present of nutrition and phytochemicals support the traditional use of Acalypha indica as an alternative treatment for curing certain health conditions.

Keywords: Acalypha indica, Medicinal herbs, Proximate analysis, Phytochemicals

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Nahrstedt A, Hungeling M, Petereit F. Flavonoids from Acalypha indica. Fitoterapia 2006;77:484–6.

Deep M. Ethnobotany: Journal of Society of Ethnobotanists. Vol. 13-16. New Delhi; 2001.

Ganeshkumar M, Ponrasu T, Krithika R, Iyappan K, Gayathri VS, Suguna L. Topical application of Acalypha indica accelerates rat cutaneous wound healing by up-regulating the expression of type I and III collagen. J Ethnopharmacol 2012;142:14–22.

Chengaiah B, Kumar K, Alagusundaram M, Sasikala C, Chetty C. In vitro anthelmintic activity of roots of Acalypha indica Linn. Int J PharmTech Res 2009;1:1499–502.

Krishna VL, Chitra V, Reddy JS. Antiarthritic activity of the whole plant Acalypha indica on type II collagen-induced arthritis in Wistar rats. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2011;3:4–7.

Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Vol. 2. Association of Official Analytical Chemists Inc.; 2003.

Prosky L, Asp NG, Furda I, DeVries JW, Schweizer TF, Harland BF. Determination of total dietary fiber in foods and food products: collaborative study. J Assoc Off Anal Chem 1988;68:677–9.

Aberoumand A. Investigations on the nutritional and medicinal potentials of an under exploited food plant Alocacia indica. Food Biol 2011;1:1–6.

Nurhazni K, Darina I, Muhammad I, Nor A, Norazmir M, Khairul Anuar M, et al. Proximate composition and antioxidant activity of dried belimbing dayak (Baccaurea angulata) fruits. Sains Malaysiana 2013;42:129–34.

Hardainiyan S, Nandy BC, Saxena R. Phytochemical investigation of fruit extract of Elaeocarpus ganitrus. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2015;7:415–8.

Fasihuddin A, Hasmah R. Penyaringan fitokimia. kimia hasilan semula jadi dan tumbuhan ubatan, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka; 1993. p. 99–105.

Abidemi O. Proximate composition and vitamin levels of seven medicinal plants. Int J Engineering Sci Invention 2013;2:47–50.

Tadhani M, Subhash R. Preliminary studies on Stevia rebaudiana leaves: proximal composition, mineral analysis and phytochemical screening. J Med Sci 2006;6:321–6.

Ihedioha J, Okoye C. Nutritional evaluation of Mucuna flagellipes leaves: an underutilized legume in Eastern Nigeria. Am J Plant Nutrition Fertilization Technol 2011;1:55–63.

Iniaghe O, Malomo S, Adebayo J. Proximate composition and phytochemical constituents of leaves of some Acalypha species. Pakistan J Nutr 2009;8:256–8.

Ikewuchi JC, Onyeike EN, Uwakwe A a, Ikewuchi CC. Effect of aqueous extract of the leaves of Acalypha wilkesiana Godseffiana†Muell Arg (Euphorbiaceae) on the hematology, plasma biochemistry and ocular indices of oxidative stress in alloxan induced diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;137:1415–24. Doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2011.08.015. [Article in Press]

Okaraonye C, Ikewuchi J. Nutritional and antinutritional components of Pennisetum purpureum (Schumach). Pakistan J Nutr 2009;8:32–4.

Dastagir G, Hussain F, Khattak K. Nutritional evaluation of plants of family Zygophyllaceae and Euphorbiaceae. Pak J Bot 2014;46:1703–7.

Noumedem JA, Tamokou JDD, Teke GN, Momo RC, Kuete V, Kuiate JR. Phytochemical analysis, antimicrobial and radical-scavenging properties of Acalypha manniana leaves. Springerplus 2013;2:503.

Chitravadivu C, Manian S, Kalaichelvi K. Qualitative analysis of selected medicinal plants, Tamilnadu, India. Middle-East J Sci Res 2009;4:144–6.

Paindla P, Mamidala E. Phytochemical and chromatographic studies in the leaves extract of Acalypha indica. Online Int Interdisciplinary Res J 2014;4:175–82.

Selvamani S, Balamurugan S, Savitha G. Preliminary phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of (Acalypha indica L). Int J Res Biol Sci 2013;3:161–4.

Madziga H. Phytochemical and elemental analysis of Acalypha wilkesiana leaf. J Am Sci 2010;6:510–4.

Selvan R, Mohideen A, Sheriff M, Azmathullah N. Phytochemical screening of Acalypha indica L. leaf extracts. Int J Appl Biol Pharm Technol 2012;3:158–61.

Bahari E-A, Zaaba NE, Haron N, Dasiman R, Amom Z. Antioxidant activity characterization, phytochemical screening, and proximate analysis of cermela hutan (Phyllanthus gomphocarpus Hook. F) roots and leaves. Med Sci Monitor Basic Res 2014;20:170–5.

Kumar SV, Kumar C, Vardhan A. Hepatoprotective activity of Acalypha indica Linn against thioacetamide-induced toxicity. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2013;5:3–6.

Mohan C, Dinakar S, Anand T. Phytochemical, GC-MS analysis and antibacterial activity of a medicinal plant Acalypha indica. Int J PharmTech Res 2012;4:1050–4.

Narwade V, Waghmare A, Vaidya A. Detection of flavonoids from Acalypha indica L. J Ecobiotechnol 2011;3:5–7.

Published

01-03-2016

How to Cite

Nazri, N. N. M., N. Hazali, M. Ibrahim, M. Masri, and M. K. Ayob. “PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON ACALYPHA INDICA: PROXIMATE ANALYSIS AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 8, no. 3, Mar. 2016, pp. 406-8, https://www.innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/6090.

Issue

Section

Short Communication(s)