A STUDY OF PREVALANCE OF SELF MEDICATION PRACTICE AMONG PEOPLE OF MUMBAI
Keywords:Self-medication, Questionnaire, Mumbai, Pharmacist
Objective: This study was undertaken to describe and examine the self medication pattern in Mumbai.
Methods: Self prepared, pre-tested and validated questionnaire were employed as a tool for data collection. Questionnaire, containing open-ended and close-ended questions, was administered to the subjects. 40 different localities which cover various parts of Mumbai-city and Mumbai-suburbans were targeted. A sample of 400 families was randomly selected for the study. Data were analyzed and the results expressed as counts and percentages.
Results: The study showed that 85% respondents practice self medication which reflects high prevalence of self medication. The respondents found self medication to be time-saving, economical, convenient and providing quick relief in common illnesses. The most common indications for self medication were headache, body ache, cough, cold, sore throat, dysmenorrhea, fever. Analgesics, antipyretics, antibiotics use was high in numbers. Chemist/Pharmacist and internet were the major source of information followed by friends and old prescriptions.
Conclusion: Knowledge about appropriate self-medication was poor; practice of self medication was quite high and inappropriate. Self-medication is an area where government and health authorities needs to ensure that it is done in a responsible manner, ensuring that safe drugs are made available over the counter and the consumer is given adequate information about the use of drugs. Pharmacist can play an important role in educating the people for the same and dispensing the medication only on a valid prescription.
WHO guidelines: The role of pharmacist in self care and self medication; 2015. Available from: http: //www.who.int/ medicinedocs/en/d/Jwhozip32e/3.3. html
Shveta S, Jagmohan S. A study of self medication pattern in Punjab. Indian J Pharm Practice 2011;4:43-6.
Martins AP, Miranda AC, Mendes Z, Soares MA, Ferreira P, Nogueria A. Self medication in a Portuguese urban population: A prevalence study. Pharmacoepidemiological Drug Safety 2002;11:409-14.
Shankar PR, Partha P, Shenoy N. Self medication and nondoctor prescribing practices in Pokhara Valley, Western Nepal: a questionnaire-based study. BMC Fam Pract 2002;3:17-9.
Hughes CM, McElnay JC, Fleming GF. Benefits and risks of self medication. Drug Saf 2001;24:1027â€“103.
Monastruc JL, Bagheri H, Gerard T, Lapeyre MM. Pharmacovigilance of self medication. Therapie 1997;52:105-10.
Habeed GE, Gearhart JG. Common patient symptoms: Pattern of self treatment and preventions. J Mo State Med Assoc 1993;34:179-81.
Bradley C, Blenkinsopp A. The future for self medication. BMJ 1996;312:835-7.
Kohn R, White K. Health Care-An international Study London. OUP; 1976.
Deshpande SG, Tiwari R. Self medication-A growing concern. Indian J Med Sci 1997;51:93-6.
Rajput MS, Mathur V, Yamini S, Nair V. Pharmacoepidemiological study of self medication in Indore city. Indian J Pharm Pract 2010;3:25-31.
Martins AP, Miranda AC, Mendes Z, Soares MA, Ferreira P, Nogueria A. Self medication in a Portuguese urban population: A prevalence study. Pharmacoepidemial Drug Saf 2002;11:409-14.