Phytotherapeutic control of food borne pathogens by Jasminum sambac L. flowers
Objective: This study is aimed to determine the antibacterial effect of Jasminum sambac against foodborne pathogens.
Methods: Antibacterial activity of methanol and chloroform extract of J. sambac flowers against foodborne pathogens (Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Shigella flexeneri, Salmonella serovar enterica Typhi, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli) were performed using disc diffusion method and their minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was also determined. The preliminary phytochemical screening and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopic (GC-MS) analysis of methanol and chloroform extract of J. sambac was analyzed using GC Clarus 500 Perkin Elmer System and gas chromatograph interfaced with a mass spectrometer.
Results: Phytochemical and GC-MS studies revealed the presence of bioactive compounds and found to possess antibacterial activity against foodborne pathogens.
Conclusion: The present study supports the possible use of these phytotherapeutic agents in the clinical management of foodborne diseases.
Keywords: GC-MS analysis, Foodborne pathogens, Jasminum sambac L., Antibacterial activity
Adonizio ALK, Bennett BC, Mathee K. Antiquorum sensing activity of medicinal plants in southern Florida. J Ethnopharmacol 2008;105:427-5.
Al-Hussaini R, Mahasneh AM. Antimicrobial and anti quorum sensing activity of different parts of Laurusnobilis L. extracts. Jordan Med J 2009;43:54-63.
Chaturvedi AP, Kumar M, Tripathi YB. Efficacy of Jasminum grandiflorum L. leaf extract on dermal wound healing in rats. Int Wound J 2013;1:11-5.
Zhao GQ, Yin ZF, Dong JX. A new secoiridoid from the flowers of Jasminum officinale L. var. grandiflorum. Yao XueXue Bao 2008;43:513-7.
Sadhu K, Khan MS, Ohtsuki T, Ishibashi M. Secoiridoid components from Jasminum grandiflorum. Phytochem 2007;68:1718-21.
Zhao GQ, Dong JX. Triterpenoid saponins from flower bud of Jasminum officinale var. grandiflorum. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi 2008;33:38-42.
Zhao GQ, Xia JJ, Dong JX. Glycosides from flowers of Jasminum officinale L. var. grandiflorum. Yaoxue Xuebao 2007;42:1066-9.
Umamaheswari M, Asokkumar K, Rathidevi R, Siva Shanmugam AT, Subhadra Devi V, Ravi TK. Antiulcer and in vitro antioxidant activities of Jasminum grandiflorum L. J Ethnopharmacol 2007;110:464-70.
Somanadhan B, Smitt UW, George V, Pushpangadan P, Rajasekharan S, Duus JO. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors from Jasminum azoricum and Jasminum grandiflorum. Planta Med 1998;64:246-50.
Priya J, Raja DP. Anti-bacterial activity studies of Jasminum grandiflorum and Jasminum sambac. Ethanobot Leaflets 2008;12:481-3.
Harborne JB. Phytochemistry, Academic Press: London; 1993. p. 89-131.
Senthilkumar B, Zothansanga, Senbagam D, Senthilkumar N, Guru Subramaniam G. Practical Microbiology-A Laboratory Manual, Panima Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, India; 2014. Doi: 10.13140/2.1.2667.6163. [Article in Press]
John DB, Herin Sheeba, Gracelin DS, Teena RS. Antibacterial activity of a few medicinal plants against Xanthomonas campestris and Aeromonas hydrophila. J Biopest 2011;4:57-60.
Lacaille-Duois, Wagnor D. Antifungal, Antiviral, antibacterial activities of saponins. J Ethnopharmacol 1996;19:11-27.
Dixon G, Stein GE, Thomason JL. Effective antimicrobial substances against a wide array of microorganisms. J Ethnopharmacol 1983;34:19-25.
Veeramuthu A, Usman H, Abdul FI. Bioactive phyto components. J Ethnopharmacol 2008;10:68-75.
Heinrich M, Simon G. Ethnopharmacology in development: discovery and analysis of its role and potential contribution. Pharm pharmocol 2001;53:425-2.
Mittal Arun, Sardana Satish, Pandey Anima. Phyto pharmacological profile of Jasminum grandiflorum Linn. Chin J Integr Med 2015. Doi.10.1007./s11655-015-20. [Article in Press]
Arun T, Senthilkumar B, Purushothaman K, Aarthy A. GC-MS determination of bioactive components of Phyllanthus amarus (L.) and its antibacterial activity. J Pharm Res 2012;5:4767-71.
Arun T, Senthilkumar B, Aarthy A, Senbagam D, Sureshkumar M. Phytochemical screening, GC-MS analysis of phytochemical constituents and antibacterial activity of Aervalanata (L.) leaves. Afr J Pharm Pharmacol 2014;8:126-5.