USE OF TRADITIONAL INDIAN HERBS FOR THE FORMULATION OF SHAMPOO AND THEIR COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Objective: The aim of present research work was to formulate herbal shampoo using aqueous extracts of Aloe vera (Korpad), Acacia cancina (Shikakai), Sapindus Mukorossi (Reetha) and Phyllanthus emblica (Amla)[I1]Â as a replacement to synthetic surfactants and carry out a comparative analysis for their cleansing activity.
Methods: Herbal shampoo formulation was carried out using different phytoextracts mixed in a definite proportion. Phytochemical screening was carried out to estimate total phenolic, flavonoid and saponin [I2]Â content. CAPB (Cocoamido propyl betain) was used as a conditioner for the formulation. Further, the formulations were analyzed for physicochemical properties such as pH, dirt dispersion, detergency ability and foaming ability which are pre-requisite for shampoo preparations.
Results: It was observed that Phyllanthus emblica formulation showed the highest cleaning ability i.e. 96% due to the presence of rich flavonoid content while Acacia cancina formulation contributed the highest detergency ability i.e. 94.96% due to the presence of rich saponin content. All the formulation showed high foaming ability and stability which is a prerequisite of shampoo preparations.
Conclusion: The results obtained during experimentation clearly indicate a promising formulation of quality enhanced herbal shampoo with a unique aroma, colour and potential for cleaning and foaming ability.
Keywords: Herbal shampoo, Antioxidants, Reetha (Sapindus Mukorossi), Shikakai (Acacia cancina), Amla (Phyllanthus emblica), Korpad (Aloe vera), CAPB, Foam stability
Â [I1]Biological names of plants are edited to italics in entire manuscript
Â [I2]Use of plurals have been corrected at many places.Â
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