WHAT FACTORS AND HOW THEY AFFECT STRESS: EVIDENCE FROM UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Keywords:Perceived Stress Scale (PSS),, Sylhet
The study primarily attempted to determine the stress level of university students and identify the factors causing stress.Convenience sampling was used to collect data and Perceived Stress Scale was used to determine the stress level and the factors that affecting stress level were determined by using multiple linear regression model. Findings from the study show that most of the students (58.06%) feel medium stress. But only 16.06% students feel low stress and 26.80% students feel high stress. Some factors were identified in the study which affects the stress level such as unnecessary writing of practical notebooksand overloaded academic study (p=0.0489), uncertain job opportunities (p=.01) and ongoing education life(p=0.02).
Lee, M., & Larson, R. (2000). The Korean ‘examination hell’: Long hours of studying, distress, and
Kadapatti, M.G., &Vijayalaxmi, A.H.M. Stressors of Academic Stress- A Study on Pre-University Students. Indian Journal of Scientific Research, 3(1), 171-175 (2012).
Deb, S., Strodl, E., & Sun, J. Academic stress, parental pressure, anxiety and mental health among Indian high school students. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 5(1): 26-34 (2015).
Busari, A. O. Evaluating the Relationship between Gender, Age, Depression and Academic Performance among Adolescents. Scholarly Journal of Education, 1(1): 6-12 (2012).
Fairbrother, K., & Warn, J. Workplace dimensions, stress and job satisfaction. Journal of managerial psychology, 18(1): 8- 21 (2003).
Awing, J. O., &Agolla, J. E. A quest for sustainable quality assurance measurement for universities: case of study of the University of Botswana.Educ. Res. Rev, 3(6): 213-218 (2008).
Agrawal, R. K., &Chahar, S. S. Examining role stress among technical students in India. Social Psychology of Education, 10(1): 77-91 (2007).
BLAKE, R,. L., & VANDIVER T, . A. (1988) The association of health with stressful life changes, social supports, and coping. Family Practice Research Journal, 7, 205-218.
Uehara, T., Takeuchi, K., Kubota, F., Oshima, K., Ishikawa, O., 2010. Annual transition of major depressive episode in university students using a structured self-rating questionnaire. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry 2, 99–104.
Dyrbye, L.N., Thomas, M.R., Shanafelt, T.D., 2006. Systematic review of depression, anxiety, and other indicators of psychological distress among U.S. and Canadian medical students. Academic Medicine 81, 354–373.
Bayram, N., Bilgel, N., 2008. The prevalence and sociodemographic correlations of depression, anxiety and stress among a group of university students. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 43, 667–672.
Adewuya, O.A., Ola, B.A., Afolabi, O.O., 2006. Validity of the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9) as a screening tool for depression amongst Nigerian university students. Journal of Affective Disorders 96, 89–93.
Tomoda, A., Mori, K., Kimura, M., Takashasi, T., Kitamura, T., 2000. First-year preva- lence and incidence of depression among first-year university students in Japan: a preliminary study. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 54, 583–588.
Aysan, F., Thompson, D., Hamarat, E., 2001. Test anxiety, coping strategies, and perceived health in a group of high school students: a Turkish sample. Journal of Genetic Psychology 162, 402–411.
Bangasser, D.A., Curtis, A., Reyes, B.A., Bethea, T.T., Parastatidis, I., Ischiropoulos, H., Van Bockstaele, E.J., Valentino, R.J., 2010. Sex differences in corticotro- phinreleasing factor receptor signalling and trafficking: potential role in female vulnerability to stress-related psychopathology. Molecular Psychiatry 15, 896–904.
Kumaraswamy N. Academic stress, anxiety and depression among college students—A brief review. Int Rev Soc Sci Human. 5(1):135-143
Regehr C, Glancy D, Pitts A. Interventions to reduce stress in university students: A review and meta-analysis. J Affect Disord. 2013;148(1):1-11.
18.Eva, E. O., Islam, M. Z., Mosaddek, A. S. M., Rahman, M. F., Rozario, R. J., Iftekhar, A. M. H., ... & Razzaque, M. S. (2015). Prevalence of stress among medical students: a comparative study between public and private medical schools in Bangladesh. BMC research notes, 8(1), 327.
Sultana, N. (2011). Stress and depression among undergraduate medical students of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education, 2(1), 6-9